The sun was created first
And God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light. God saw that the light was good, and he separated the light from the darkness. God called the light “day,” and the darkness he called “night.” And there was evening, and there was morning—the first day. (Genesis 1:3-5)
Before the 16th century, people believed in "Geocentrism", i.e. everything revolved around the Earth. Since then, we know everything centres around the sun (Heliocentricism), therefore, the sun must have been made first.
There was originally only one continent
And God said, “Let the water under the sky be gathered to one place, and let dry ground appear.” And it was so. (Genesis 1:9)
Scientists have proved there was originally one super-continent, which they call Pangaea. Gradually, this land mass began to rift and break-up, separating into the continents and islands we know today.
Stars have a life expectancy
In the beginning you laid the foundations of the earth,
and the heavens are the work of your hands.
They will perish, but you remain;
they will all wear out like a garment. (Psalm 102:25-26)
Our sun, which is also a star, is expected to last 5 billion years. Other stars in the sky have different time spans. When they "perish", the larger stars explode, causing a supernova. The smaller stars cause an emission nebula. Our sun is one of the smaller stars. Its emission nebula will engulf the earth and other planets.
The Universe is constantly expanding
... you forget the Lord your Maker,
who stretches out the heavens
and who lays the foundations of the earth... (Isaiah 51:13)
The size of the Universe is indeterminable and the centre of Earth unreachable
“Only if the heavens above can be measured
and the foundations of the earth below be searched out
will I reject all the descendants of Israel
because of all they have done,”
declares the Lord. (Jeremiah 31:37)
As Jeremiah says, the heavens or the universe cannot be measured. At the moment, scientists have observed a diameter of 93 billion light years but also know there is more they have not discovered. The centre of the Earth, according to Inge Lehmann (1936) is made of molten iron and nickel, however, it can never be "searched out" because it is surrounded by liquid mantle.
The Earth is round
He sits enthroned above the circle of the earth... (Isaiah 40:22)
The Earth was originally believed to be flat until proven otherwise.
There are four major winds on Earth
I will bring against Elam the four winds
from the four quarters of heaven;
I will scatter them to the four winds,
and there will not be a nation
where Elam’s exiles do not go. (Jeremiah 49:36)
The four major wind systems are the Polar and Tropical Easterlies, the Prevailing Westerlies and the Intertropical Convergence Zone.
Source: BIBLE: Faith Verses - Win Verses LLC